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P.D. GRIFFIN
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MODERN BRITISH ARMY REGIMENTS

Norway 1940, Gazala, El Alamein, Tunis, Salerno, Anzio, Campoleone, Gothic Line, Coriano, Singapore Island.

The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment: Louisburg, Quebec 1759, Maida, Corunna, Tarifa, Vittoria, St Sebastian, Nive, Peninsula, Ava, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Ali Masjid, Afghanistan 1878-9, Defence of Kimberley, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Aisne 1914, 1918, Ypres 1914, 1917, 1918, Somme 1916, 1918, Lys, Hindenburg Line, Suvla, Gaza, Baghdad, Kilimanjaro.

Dunkirk 1940, Djebel Kesskiss, Gueriat el Atach Ridge, North Africa 1943, Anzio, Fiesole, Monte Grande, Italy 1944-5, Johore, Singapore Island.

The Northamptonshire Regiment: Louisburg, Quebec 1759, Martinique 1762, 1794, Havannah, Maida, Douro, Talavera, Albuhera, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, New-Zealand, Sevastopol, South Africa 1879, Tirah, Modder river, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, 1918, Ypres 1914, 1917, Neuve Chapelle, Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Epehy, Gaza.

North-west Europe 1940, 1945, North Africa 1942-3, Garigliano crossing, Anzio, Cassino II, Italy 1943-5, Yu, Imphal, Myinmu bridgehead, Burma 1943-5.

The Royal Berkshire Regiment: St Lucia 1778, Egmont op Zee, Copenhagen, Douro, Talavera, Albuhera, Queenstown, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Peninsula, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Kandahar 1880, Afghanistan 1879-80, Egypt 1882, Tofrek, Suakin 1885, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Ypres 1914, 1917, Neuve Chapelle, Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Cambrai 1917, Selle, Vittorio Veneto, Doiran 1917, 1918.

Dyle, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy Landing, Rhine, Sicily 1943, Damiano, Anzio, Kohima, Mandalay, Burma 1942-5.

The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment: Vimiera, Corunna, Almaraz, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nive, Orthes, Peninsula, Punniar, Moodkee, Ferozeshah, Aliwal, Sobraon, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Lucknow, New Zealand, Egypt 1882, Nile 1884-5, South Africa 1900-2.

Mons, Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917, 1918, Hill 60, Somme 1916, 1918, Vimy 1917, Italy 1917-18, Gallipoli 1915, Gaza, Defence of Kut al Amara, Sharqat.

Afghanistan 1919.

North-west Europe 1940, El Alamein, Medjez Plain, Centuripe, Sangro, Cassino, Trasimene Line, Argenta Gap, Malta 1940-2, Defence of Kohima.

The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry: Minden, Corunna, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Peninsula, Waterloo, Pegu, Ali Masjid, Afghanistan 1878-80, Burma 1885-7, Modder river, South Africa 1899-1902.

Le Cateau, Marne 1914, 1918, Messines 1914, 1917, 1918, Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917, 1918, Somme 1916, 1918, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Havrincourt, Sambre, Italy 1917-18, Macedonia 1915-17.

Norway 1940, Fontenay le Pesnil, Northwest Europe 1944-5, Argoub Sellah, Sicily 1943, Salerno, Minturno, Anzio, Gemmano Ridge, Burma 1942.

The King's Shropshire Light Infantry: Nieuport, Tournay, St Lucia 1796, Talavera, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Toulouse, Peninsula, Bladensburg, Aliwal, Sobraon, Goojerat, Punjaub, Lucknow, Afghanistan 1879-80, Egypt 1882, Suakin 1885, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902.

Armentieres 1914, Ypres 1915, 1917, Frezenberg, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Bligny, Epehy, Doiran 1917, 1918, Jerusalem.

Dunkirk 1940, Normandy landing, Antwerp, Venraij, Hochwald, Bremen, North-west Europe 1940, 1944-5, Tunis, Anzio, Italy 1943-5.

Kowang-San, Korea 1951-2.

The Middlesex Regiment: Mysore, Seringapatam, Albuhera, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Peninsula, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, New Zealand, South Africa 1879, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1900-2.

Mons, Marne 1914, Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Albert 1916, 1918, Bazentin, Cambrai 1917, 1918 Hindenburg Line, Suvla, Jerusalem, Mesopotamia 1917-18.

Dunkirk 1940, Normandy landing, Caen, Mont Pincon, Rhine, El Alamein, Akarit, Sicily 1943, Anzio, Hong Kong.

Naktong bridgehead, Korea 1950-1.

The King's Royal Rifle Corps: Louisburg, Quebec 1759, Martinique 1762, Havannah, North America 1763-4, Rolica, Vimiera, Martinique 1809, Talavera, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Albuhera, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Mooltan, Goojerat, Punjaub, South Africa 1851, 1852, 1853, Delhi 1857, Taku forts, Pekin 1860, South Africa 1879, Ahmed Khel, Kandahar 1880, Afghanistan 1879-80, Tel el Kebir, Egypt 1882, Chitral, Defence of Ladysmith, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Marne 1914, Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917, 1918, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Messines 1917, 1918, Epehy, Canal du Nord, Selle, Sambre.

Calais 1940, Rhineland, North-west Europe 1940, 1944-5, Egyptian Frontier 1940, Sidi Rezegh 1941, Alam el Haifa, El Alamein, North Africa 1940-3, Italy 1943-5, Greece 1941, 1944-5.

The Wiltshire Regiment: Louisburg, Nive, Peninsula, New Zealand, Ferozeshah, Sobraon, Sevastopol, Pekin 1860, South Africa 1879, 1900-2.

Mons, Messines 1914, 1917, 1918, Ypres 1914, 1917, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, Bapaume 1918, Macedonia 1915-18, Gallipoli 1915-16, Palestine 1917-18, Baghdad.

Defence of Arras, Hill 112, Maltot, Mont Pincon, Seine 1944, Cleve, Garigliano crossing, Anzio, Rome, North Arakan.

The Manchester Regiment: Guadaloupe 1759, Egmont op Zee, Peninsula, Martinique 1809, Guadaloupe 1810, New Zealand, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Afghanistan 1879-80, Egypt 1882, Defence of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Givenchy 1914, Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Somme 1916, 1918, Hindenburg Line, Piave, Macedonia 1915-18, Gallipoli 1915, Megiddo, Baghdad.

Dyle, Defence of Arras, Caen, Scheldt, Lower Maas, Roer, Reichswald, Gothic Line, Malta 1940, Kohima.

The North Staffordshire Regiment: Guadaloupe 1759, Martinique 1794, St Lucia 1803, Surinam, Punjaub, Reshire, Bushire, Koosh-ab, Persia, Lucknow, Hafir, South Africa 1900-2.

Armentieres 1914, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, Messines 1917, 1918, Ypres 1917, 1918, St Quentin Canal, Selle, Sari Bair, Kut al Amara 1917, North-West Frontier India 1915.

Afghanistan 1919.

Dyle, Ypres-Comines canal, Caen, Brieux bridgehead, Medjez Plain, North Africa 1943, Anzio, Rome, Marradi, Burma 1943.

The York and Lancaster Regiment: Guadaloupe 1759, Martinique 1794, India 1796-1819, Nive, Peninsula, Arabia, New Zealand, Lucknow, Tel el Kebir, Egypt 1882, 1884, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902.

Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Somme 1916, 1918, Messines 1917, 1918, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Lys, Selle, Piave, Macedonia 1915-18, Gallipoli 1915.

Fontenay le Pesnil, Antwerp-Turnhout canal, Tobruk 1941, Mine de Sedjenane, Sicily 1943, Salerno, Minturno, Crete, North Arakan, Chindits 1944.

The Durham Light Infantry: Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Peninsula, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Reshire, Bushire, Koosh-ab, Persia, New Zealand, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902.

Aisne 1914, 1918, Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Hooge 1915, Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Messines 1917, Lys, Hindenburg Line, Sambre.

Afghanistan 1919.

Dunkirk 1940, Tilly sur Seulles, Defence of Rauray, Gheel, Tobruk 1941, El Alamein, Mareth, Primosole Bridge, Salerno, Kohima.

Korea 1952-3.

The Highland Light Infantry: Gibraltar 1779-83, Carnatic, Hindoostan, Sholingur Mysore, Seringapatam, Cape of Good Hope 1806, Rolica, Vimiera, Corunna, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Almaraz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Waterloo, South Africa 1851, 1852, 1853, Sevastopol, Central India, Tel el Kebir, Egypt 1882, Modder River, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917, 1918, Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Hindenburg Line, Gallipoli 1915-18, Palestine 1917-18, Mesopotamia 1916-18.

Archangel 1919.

Odon, Scheldt, Walcheren causeway, Reichswald, Rhine, North-west Europe 1940, 1944-5, Keren, Cauldron, Landing in Sicily, Greece 1944-5.

The Seaforth Highlanders: Carnatic, Hindoostan, Mysore, Cape of Good Hope 1806, Maida, Java, South Africa 1835, Sevastopol, Koosh-ab, Persia, Lucknow, Central India, Peiwar Kotal, Charasiah, Kabul 1879, Kandahar 1880, Afghanistan 1878-80, Tel el kebir, Egypt 1882, Chitral, Atbara, Khartoum, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902.

Marne 1914, 1918, Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Vimy 1917, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Valenciennes, Palestine 1918, Baghdad.

St Valery en Caux, Caen, Rhineland, El Alamein, Akarit, Sicily 1943, Anzio, Madagascar, Imphal, Burma 1942-4.

The Gordon Highlanders: Mysore, Seringapatam, India, Egmont op Zee, Mandora, Corunna, Fuentes d'Onor, Almaraz, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nive, Orthes, Peninsula, Waterloo, South Africa 1835, Delhi, Lucknow, Charasiah, Kabul 1879, Kandahar 1880, Afghanistan 1879-80, Tel el Kebir, Egypt 1882, 1884, Nile 1884-5, Chitral, Tirah, Defence of Ladysmith, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Le Cateau, Marne 1914, 1918, Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917, Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Ancre 1916, Arras 1917, 1918, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Vittorio Veneto.

Odon, Reichswald, Goch, Rhine, Northwest Europe 1940, 1944-5, El Alamein, Mareth, Sferro, Anzio.

The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders: Egmont op Zee, Corunna, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Toulouse, Peninsula, Waterloo, Alma, Sevastopol, Lucknow, Tel el Kebir, Egypt 1882, Nile 1884-5, Atbara, Khartoum, South Africa 1900-2.

Marne 1914, 1918, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917, 1918, Neuve Chapelle, Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Delville Wood, Arras 1917, 1918, Sambre, Macedonia 1915-18.

St Omer-La Bassee, Reichswald, Rhine, Keren, Sidi Barrani, El Alamein, Akarit, Gothic Line, Kohima, Mandalay.

The Royal Ulster Rifles: India, Cape of Good Hope 1806, Bourbon, Talavera, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Central India, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Marne 1914, Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917, 1918, Neuve Chapelle, Somme 1916, 1918, Albert 1916, Courtrai, Struma, Suvla, Jerusalem.

Dyle, Dunkirk 1940, Normandy landing, Cambes, Caen, Troarn, Venlo Pocket, Rhine, Bremen, North-west Europe 1940, 1944-5.

Imjin, Korea 1950-1.

The Royal Irish Fusiliers: Monte Video, Talavera, Barrosa, Tarifa, Java, Vittoria, Nivelle, Niagara, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Ava, Sevastopol, Tel el Kebir, Egypt 1882, 1884, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902.

Le Cateau, Marne 1914, Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, Messines 1917, 1918, Lys, Macedonia 1915-17, Suvla, Palestine 1917-18.

St Omer-La Bassee, Bou Arada, Oued Zarga, Djebel Tanngoucha, Centuripe, Termoli, Sangro, Cassino II, Argenta Gap, Malta 1940.

The Connaught Rangers: Seringapatam, Talavera, Busaco, Fuentes d'Onor, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Central India, South Africa 1877, 1878, 1879, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Aisne 1914, Messines 1914, 1917, Ypres 1914, 1915, 1917, Guillemont, Cambrai 1918, Kosturino, Scimitar Hill, Megiddo, Kut al Amara 1917.

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders: Cape of Good Hope 1806, Rolica, Vimiera, Corunna, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, South Africa 1846-7, 1851, 1852, 1853, Alma, Balaklava, Sevastopol, Lucknow, South Africa 1879, Modder river, Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1902.

Mons, Le Cateau, Marne 1914, 1918, Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Loos, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Doiran 1917, 1918, Gaza.

Odon, Rhine, Sidi Barrani, El Alamein, Akarit, Longstop Hill 1943, Italy 1943-5, Crete, Grik Road, Malaya 1941-2.

Pakchon, Korea 1950-1.

The Leinster Regiment: Niagara, Central India, South Africa 1900.

Aisne 1914, Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Somme 1916, 1918, Guillemont, Vimy 1917, Messines 1917, St Quentin, Macedonia 1915-17, Gallipoli 1915, Jerusalem.

The Royal Munster Fusiliers: Plassey, Condore, Masulipatam, Badara, Buxar, Carnatic, Rohilcund 1774, 1794, Sholingur, Guzerat, Deig, Bhurtpore, Ghuznee 1839, Afghanistan 1839, Ferozeshah, Sobraon, Punjaub, Chillianwallah, Goojerat, Pegu, Delhi 1857, Lucknow, Burma 1885-87, South Africa 1899-1902.

Retreat from Mons, Ypres 1914, 1917, Aubers, Guillemont, St Quentin, Drocourt-Queant, Selle, Landing at Helles, Landing at Suvla, Jerusalem.

The Royal Dublin Fusiliers: Arcot, Plassey, Condore, Carnatic, Wandewash, Buxar, Amboor, Sholingur, Guzerat, Nundy Droog, Mysore, Seringapatam, Amboyna, Ternate, Banda, Maheidpore, Kirkee, Beni Boo Alii, Ava, Aden, Punjaub, Mooltan, Goojerat, Pegu, Lucknow, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902.

Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Ypres 1915, 1917, 1918, Somme 1916, 1918, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Hindenburg Line, Selle, Macedonia 1915-17, Gallipoli 1915-16, Palestine 1917-18.

The Rifle Brigade: Copenhagen, Monte Video, Rolica, Vimiera, Corunna, Busaco, Barrosa, Fuentes d'Onor, Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajoz, Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, Waterloo, South Africa 1846-7, 1852-3, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Lucknow, Ashantee, Ali Masjid, Afghanistan 1878-9, Burma 1885-87, Khartoum, Defence of Ladysmith, Relief of Ladysmith, South Africa 1899-1902.

Le Cateau, Marne 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Ypres 1915, 1917, Somme 1916, 1918, Arras 1917, 1918, Messines 1917, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Hindenburg Line, Macedonia 1915-18. Calais 1940, North-west Europe 1940, 1944-5, Beda Fomm, Sidi Rezegh 1941, Alam el Haifa, El Alamein. North Africa 1940-3, Cassino II, Capture of Perugia, Italy 1943-5.

The Parachute Regiment: Bruneval, Normandy landing, Breville, Arnhem 1944, Rhine, Southern France, Oudna, Tamera, Primosole Bridge, Athens.

2nd King Edward VII's Own Gurkha Rifles: Bhurtpore, Aliwal, Sobraon, Delhi 1857, Kabul 1879, Kandahar, Afghanistan 1878-80, Punjab frontier, Tirah.

La Bassee 1914, Festubert 1914, 1915, Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Loos, Tigris 1916, Kut al Amara 1917, Baghdad 1915, Persia 1918.

Afghanistan 1919.

El Alamein, Akarit, Tunis, Cassino I, Gothic Line, Jitra, Slim river, North Arakan, Irrawaddy, Tamandu.

6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles: Helles, Krithia, Suvla, Sari Bair, Gallipoli 1915, Suez Canal, Khan Baghdadi, Mesopotamia 1916-18, Persia 1918, North- West Frontier India 1915.

Afghanistan 1919.

Monte Chicco, Medecina, Italy 1944-5, Kyaukmyaung bridgehead, Mandalay, Fort Dufferin, Rangoon Road, Sittang 1945, Chindits 1944, Burma 1944-5.

7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles: Egypt 1915, Meggido, Sharon, Palestine 1918, Kut al Amara 1915, 1917, Ctesiphon, Defence of Kut al Amara, Baghdad, Sharqat. Afghanistan 1919.

Cassino I, Poggio del Grillo, Tavoleto, Sittang 1942, 1945, Kyaukse 1942, Imphal, Bishenpur, Meiktila, Rangoon Road.

10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles: Helles, Krithia, Suvla, Sari Bair, Gallipoli 1915, Suez Canal, Egypt 1915, Sharqat, Mesopotamia 1916-18.

Afghanistan 1919.

Coriano, Santarcangelo, Bologna, Imphal, Tuitam, Mandalay, Myinmu bridgehead, Meiktila, Rangoon Road.

The Special Air Service Regiment: Northwest Europe 1944-5, Tobruk 1941, Benghazi Raid, North Africa 1940-3, Landing in Sicily, Termoli, Valli di Comacchio, Italy 1943-5, Adriatic.

THE ROYAL REGIMENT OF ARTILLERY HONOUR TITLES

The Royal Artillery (RA) used to be accredited with battle honours like other regiments, but in 1833 the motto Ubiquewas confirmed to the RA and the Royal Engineers (RE) in recognition of their ubiquitous services in all theatres of war and as an alternative to unnecessary awards of individual battle honours. In 1925 the War Office directed that distinctions originally attached to certain batteries should be acknowledged and honour titles were duly registered for batteries of the RA:

36 (Arcot) Bty, RA, for India, 1751.

9 (Plassey) Bty, RA, for India, 1757.

53 (Louisburg) Bty, RA, for Canada, 1758.

12 and 32 (Minden) Batteries, RA, for Germany, 1759.

18 (Quebec 1759) Bty, RA, for Wolfe's campaign to win Canada.

5, 19, 21, 22 and 23 (Gibraltar 1779-83) batteries, RA, for the Great Siege.

34 and 38 (Seringapatam) Batteries, RA, for India, 1799.

24 (Irish) Bty, RA, for service in the Americas and Flanders before the Royal Irish Artillery batteries were transferred to the Royal Artillery in 1801, after which the unit added to its war record.

F (Sphinx) Bty, Royal Horse Artillery (RHA), and 4, 7, 11 and 93 (Sphinx) batteries, RA, for Egypt, 1801.

10 (Assaye) Bty, RA, for India, 1803.

13 (Martinique 1809) and 74 (The Battleaxe Company), RA, for the West Indies, 1809.

52 (Niagara) Bty, RA, for Canada, 1813.

A Bty (The Chestnut Troop), RHA, for the Peninsular War.

I Bty (Bull's Troop), RHA, for the Peninsular War.

17 and 29 (Corunna) Batteries, RA, for Spain, 1808-9.

46 (Talavera) Bty, RA, for Spain, 1809.

97 Bty (Lawson's Company), RA, for Spain, 1808-13.

G (Mercer's Troop) and H Bty (Ramsay's Troop), RHA, and 16 (Sandham's Company), 30 Rogers's Company) and 43 (Lloyd's Company), RA, for Waterloo 1815.

O Bty (The Rocket Troop), RHA, for Leipzig, 1813, and Waterloo, 1815.

137 (Java) Bty, RA, for the Far East, 1811.

132 Bty (The Bengal Rocket Troop), RA, for Asia, 1816-61.

79 (Kirkee) Bty, RA, for India, 1817.

88 (Arracan) Bty, RA, for Burma, 1825.

57 (Bhurtpore) Bty, RA, for the Jat War, 1826.

T Bty (Shah Sujah's Troop), RHA, for Afghanistan, 1839.

51 (Kabul 1842) Bty, RA, for Arghanistan.

54 (Maharajpore) Bty, RA, for India, 1843.

N Bty (The Eagle Troop), RHA, for India, 1843.

8 (Alma) Bty, RA, for the Crimea, 1854.

49, 152 and 156 (Inkerman) batteries, RA, for the Crimea, 1854.

143 Bty (Tombs's Troop) for Delhi, 1857.

55 (The Residency) Bty, RA, for Lucknow, 1857.

76 (Maude's) Bty, RA, for the Indian Mutiny, 1857.

56 (Olphert's) Bty, RA, for Lucknow, 1857.

58 (Eyre's) Bty, RA, for the Indian Mutiny, 1857.

160 Bty (Middleton's Company), RA, for Lucknow and Cawnpore, 1857.

27 (Strange's) Bty, RA, for the Indian Mutiny, 1857.

P (Dragon) Bty, RHA, and 111, 127 and 129 (Dragon) batteries, RA, for China 1840-1.

94 (New Zealand) Bty, RA, for the Maori Wars, 1861-3.

145 (Maiwand) Bty, RA, for Afghanistan, 1880.

171 (The Broken Wheel) Bty, RA, for Egypt, 1882.

159 (Colenso) Bty, RA, for South Africa, 1899.

Q (Sanna's Post) Bty, RHA, for South Africa, 1900.

14 (Cole's Kop) Bty, RA, for South Africa, 1900.

92 (Le Cateau) Bty, RA, for France, 1914.

L (Nery) Bty, RHA, for France, 1914.

K (Hondegham) Bty, RHA, for Belgium 1940.

J (Sidi Rezegh) Bty, RHA, for Libya 1941.

42 (Alem Hamza) Bty, RA, for Libya 1941.

59 (Asten) Bty, RA, for Belgium 1944.

148 (Meiktila) Bty, RA, for Burma 1945.

170 (Imjin) Bty, RA, for Korea 1951.

GLOSSARY

armoured equipped with armoured cars or tanks; cavalry regiments that converted permanently from horse to armour between 1928 and 1942.

bag coloured cloth sewn to the top of a fur busby and falls to one side of it, originally on the top of a hussar's shako.

balmoral (or tam o' shanter) flat-topped bonnet, with a central tourie or pom-pom, worn by Scottish regiments in sendee dress from 1915.

battalion operational unit of an infantry regiment, composed of several companies, under the command of a lieutenant-colonel.

battery a permanent unit of an artillery regiment, from the collective noun for guns (usually six per battery). Approximately 100 gunners under the command of a major.

battle honour a public commemoration of a victory awarded to a regiment or battery by an army committee for display on its standard, colour, guidon, drums or badge.

bearskin a cap covered with the fur of bear, traditionally the Canadian Black bear. Worn by foot guards in full dress, fusilier officers prior to the First World War and grenadiers between 1768 and 1837.

bonnet a thick woollen cap worn in Scottish regiments from the eighteenth century.

braid tape used to strengthen hats and buttonholes in the eighteenth century.

breeches short trousers fastened just below the knee.

busby a fur or sealskin cap made to fusilier, hussars or rifles specification. Named after its original maker, W. Busby of the Strand.

cap headgear without a brim.

captain commissioned officer in charge of a company or troop.

cartouche cartridge (ball and powder) ammunition for firearms.

caubeen a voluminous beret-like bonnet traditional to Ireland, adopted by Irish regiments from the 1920s.

cavalry troops on horseback, from the Italian cavalleria which derived from the Latin caballus (horse).

chaco name given to the shako after 1844.

Chindits Gen Wingate's long-range penetration infantry, formed for the jungle campaign in Malaya, 1942.

coatee short jacket of the first half of the nineteenth century, with or without tails.

colonel field officer in overall command of a regiment.

colours revered silk 'flags' carried in infantry battalions, originally raised up in battle to show scattered soldiers where to regroup.

colour belt the broad 'sash' worn by subalterns with a small 'bucket' at its base for the pikestaff of a colour to be carried in.

commissariat supplier of stores and provisions for an army.

corps a body of soldiers of indeterminate strength; a support organisation (logistic, medical, admin, etc.) of varying strengths, the largest boasting several regiments.

coveralls common overalls or boiler suits worn when working on greasy vehicles.

cuirass body armour worn by cavalrymen in the seventeenth century and Household Cavalry troops in full dress from 1820 to the present day.

cypher interlaced initials, usually of a monarch, originally written as part of a secret code.

dicing a pattern of coloured squares normally worn as a band on Scottish caps.

doublet jacket with flaps or skirts, usually found in Scottish uniforms.

dragoons heavy cavalry named after a short musket of the sixteenth century called a dragon from the flame and smoke it belched out when fired. Early dragoons were infantry mounted on poor-quality horses for quick transportation to the enemy, where they would dismount to fire. Towards the end of the seventeenth century dragoons would be grouped with the cavalry in battle and thereafter quickly evolved as cavalry proper.

dragoon guards a title invented in 1746 to preserve the status of the regiments of horse that were relegated to dragoons for reasons of economy.

East India Company see Honourable East India Company.

ensign lowest commissioned infantry officer rank given the honour of carrying one of the battalion colours, which were originally called ensigns.

facings the coloured lining of a uniform coat revealed when the collar, cuffs, lapels and skirts were turned back in the eighteenth century. The word was applied to cuffs and collar of jackets from 1800.

fencibles regular regiments that were embodied for the course of a war.

field officer senior rank of commissioned officer.

flank company grenadier and light companies that used to take post on the flanks of a battalion in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

foot an old term for infantry, which served on foot as opposed to horseback.

forage cap a cap worn in lieu of full-dress headgear, originally when foraging.

fusiliers originally (seventeenth-century) soldiers armed with a fuzil (matchless musket) and distinguished by grenadier caps.

glengarry a foldable woollen cap with ribbons hanging from the back.

gorget originally a piece of armour worn across the neck to protect against cuts to that area. Gorget patches on the collar are relics of attachments for the ribbons used to secure the gorget.

guidon regimental swallow-tailed 'flag' carried in dragoon regiments, from the French Guyd Homme - a flag flown from the lance of an inferior knight to show the way. Light cavalry regiments, which derive from dragoons, also carried a guidon but were ordered to lay them aside in 1834 so that they did not hamper their progress in the field. This rule was rescinded in 1956 and new guidons were presented to the hussar and lancer regiments.

hackle a stem of cut feathers worn as a short plume on fusilier berets, Highlanders' bonnets and Irish caubeens.

helmet heavy, protective, formal headgear with a top spike, worn in full dress by infantry and heavy cavalry regiments.

Highland a term applied to regiments and their dress native to the northern, mountainous part of Scotland.

Honourable East India Company a trading concern formed in 1600 that employed regiments of horse, foot and artillery to protect its interests in India. After the mutiny of 1857 the Honourable East India Company was run down and its troops transferred to the British Army.

horse a term used in the seventeenth and eighteenth century for cavalry.

Horse Guards British Army Headquarters in Whitehall that took its name from the mounted Guards which once occupied the buildings and traditionally stand guard there as the site of a former royal palace.

hose socks (or stockings) worn by pipers of several regiments and all soldiers of Highland regiments in parade uniforms.

hussars light cavalry, originally from Hungary, named after a form of dress introduced into the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars, when certain regiments of light dragoons were remodelled on the Hungarian cavalry.

infantry soldiers that serve on foot.

Jacobites supporters of James II and the Stuart cause after the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1688.

kilmarnock bonnet or cap worn by Scottish and Gurkha soldiers, named after their town of manufacture.

kilt pleated skirt of regimental tartan worn by pipers and soldiers of Highland regiments in parade dress.

lace braid, sometimes coloured or patterned to a regimental design.

lance cap a leather cap with a square 'mortar board' top worn by lancer regiments in full dress from 1816, when this Polish style of dress came into the army.

lancers medium cavalry armed with a lance. The first examples appeared in the army in 1816 with the conversion of three regiments of light dragoons.

lieutenant low-commissioned officer ranks, collectively known as subalterns.

light dragoons lightly equipped dragoons that were to be seen between 1756 and 1861.

Lowland regiments, people and a style native to the central lowlands and southern uplands of Scotland.

loyal toast the ritual in which officers drink to the health of the sovereign, originally to test their fealty to the crown,

major junior field officer, company commander in the infantry.

marching regiment a regiment of foot, infantry.

marines soldiers that serve on ship as well as land.

mechanise to equip with armoured cars or tanks.

militia civilians that were recruited locally to attend drill meetings and be ready to defend their territory in times of war.

overalls in the military sense, tight trousers worn by officers, regiments and corps that were originally mounted.

pagri see pugri.

Peninsula Spain and Portugal, and the war waged there between 1808 and 1814 with Napoleon's marshals.

pioneer a soldier employed to clear terrain obstacles for his regiment on the march.

plaid a tartan cloth worn on the shoulder in some forms of Scottish full dress.

plastron the broad lapels of a lancer's tunic buttoned back to reveal the facings.

private an ordinary soldier, the army's basic rank.

pugri (or puggaree) the cloth that is wound around a tropical helmet.

quaich a drinking cup with two handles, from the Gaelic cuach.

regiment a permanent army unit under the command of a colonel with its own badge, customs and distinctions.

rifle volunteers enthusiasts that willingly joined the 'rifle clubs' formed in 1859-60, forerunners of the Territorial Force of 1908 and the Territorial Army of 1921.

Royal Armoured Corps a training corps, formed in 1939, for all armoured regiments apart from the Household Cavalry.

shako a peaked cylindrical cap worn in period styles between 1800 and 1878.

shell jacket a short garment without skirts or tails.

shoulder chains chain mail fastened to the top of the shoulders on cavalry tunics, a relic of the Victorian age, when it was worn to protect against sword cuts.

squadron a unit of a cavalry regiment, and some support corps, under the command of a major.

standard a silk 'flag' carried by heavy cavalry regiments and the Guards.

subaltern junior commissioned officers of the lieutenant ranks.

sutler women camp followers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that supplied liquor and other comforts to soldiers in camp and on the march.

TA Territorial Army (1921) - battalions and regiments of part-time soldiers that serve in support of the Regular Army. Formed in 1908 as the Territorial Force.

tam o' shanter the flat-topped balmoral bonnet introduced in 1915 for Scottish soldiers to replace their impractical glengarries in trench warfare.

toast a drink to the health of a significant person.

trews a name given to tartan trousers worn in Scottish regiments.

troop a unit of a cavalry regiment commanded by a captain.

volunteers civilians that give of their spare time to serve in a regiment or corps on a part-time basis.

Wolfe Society an organisation formed at Westerham, Kent, in 1926 for regiments that were associated with Gen James Wolfe, who rose to command the army in Canada in 1759. The said regiments send a representative to the annual dinner in his honour.

yeomanry volunteer cavalry originally formed in 1794 from yeoman farmers and gentlemen horse-owners to counter the threat of French invasion to Britain. Troops were regimented and kept on through the nineteenth century as an aid to civil authorities. They were first sent to war in 1900.

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