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P.D. GRIFFIN
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MODERN BRITISH ARMY REGIMENTS

foot an old term for infantry, which served on foot as opposed to horseback.

forage cap a cap worn in lieu of full-dress headgear, originally when foraging.

fusiliers originally (seventeenth-century) soldiers armed with a fuzil (matchless musket) and distinguished by grenadier caps.

glengarry a foldable woollen cap with ribbons hanging from the back.

gorget originally a piece of armour worn across the neck to protect against cuts to that area. Gorget patches on the collar are relics of attachments for the ribbons used to secure the gorget.

guidon regimental swallow-tailed 'flag' carried in dragoon regiments, from the French Guyd Homme - a flag flown from the lance of an inferior knight to show the way. Light cavalry regiments, which derive from dragoons, also carried a guidon but were ordered to lay them aside in 1834 so that they did not hamper their progress in the field. This rule was rescinded in 1956 and new guidons were presented to the hussar and lancer regiments.

hackle a stem of cut feathers worn as a short plume on fusilier berets, Highlanders' bonnets and Irish caubeens.

helmet heavy, protective, formal headgear with a top spike, worn in full dress by infantry and heavy cavalry regiments.

Highland a term applied to regiments and their dress native to the northern, mountainous part of Scotland.

Honourable East India Company a trading concern formed in 1600 that employed regiments of horse, foot and artillery to protect its interests in India. After the mutiny of 1857 the Honourable East India Company was run down and its troops transferred to the British Army.

horse a term used in the seventeenth and eighteenth century for cavalry.

Horse Guards British Army Headquarters in Whitehall that took its name from the mounted Guards which once occupied the buildings and traditionally stand guard there as the site of a former royal palace.

hose socks (or stockings) worn by pipers of several regiments and all soldiers of Highland regiments in parade uniforms.

hussars light cavalry, originally from Hungary, named after a form of dress introduced into the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars, when certain regiments of light dragoons were remodelled on the Hungarian cavalry.

infantry soldiers that serve on foot.

Jacobites supporters of James II and the Stuart cause after the 'Glorious Revolution' of 1688.

kilmarnock bonnet or cap worn by Scottish and Gurkha soldiers, named after their town of manufacture.

kilt pleated skirt of regimental tartan worn by pipers and soldiers of Highland regiments in parade dress.

lace braid, sometimes coloured or patterned to a regimental design.

lance cap a leather cap with a square 'mortar board' top worn by lancer regiments in full dress from 1816, when this Polish style of dress came into the army.

lancers medium cavalry armed with a lance. The first examples appeared in the army in 1816 with the conversion of three regiments of light dragoons.

lieutenant low-commissioned officer ranks, collectively known as subalterns.

light dragoons lightly equipped dragoons that were to be seen between 1756 and 1861.

Lowland regiments, people and a style native to the central lowlands and southern uplands of Scotland.

loyal toast the ritual in which officers drink to the health of the sovereign, originally to test their fealty to the crown,

major junior field officer, company commander in the infantry.

marching regiment a regiment of foot, infantry.

marines soldiers that serve on ship as well as land.

mechanise to equip with armoured cars or tanks.

militia civilians that were recruited locally to attend drill meetings and be ready to defend their territory in times of war.

overalls in the military sense, tight trousers worn by officers, regiments and corps that were originally mounted.

pagri see pugri.

Peninsula Spain and Portugal, and the war waged there between 1808 and 1814 with Napoleon's marshals.

pioneer a soldier employed to clear terrain obstacles for his regiment on the march.

plaid a tartan cloth worn on the shoulder in some forms of Scottish full dress.

plastron the broad lapels of a lancer's tunic buttoned back to reveal the facings.

private an ordinary soldier, the army's basic rank.

pugri (or puggaree) the cloth that is wound around a tropical helmet.

quaich a drinking cup with two handles, from the Gaelic cuach.

regiment a permanent army unit under the command of a colonel with its own badge, customs and distinctions.

rifle volunteers enthusiasts that willingly joined the 'rifle clubs' formed in 1859-60, forerunners of the Territorial Force of 1908 and the Territorial Army of 1921.

Royal Armoured Corps a training corps, formed in 1939, for all armoured regiments apart from the Household Cavalry.

shako a peaked cylindrical cap worn in period styles between 1800 and 1878.

shell jacket a short garment without skirts or tails.

shoulder chains chain mail fastened to the top of the shoulders on cavalry tunics, a relic of the Victorian age, when it was worn to protect against sword cuts.

squadron a unit of a cavalry regiment, and some support corps, under the command of a major.

standard a silk 'flag' carried by heavy cavalry regiments and the Guards.

subaltern junior commissioned officers of the lieutenant ranks.

sutler women camp followers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that supplied liquor and other comforts to soldiers in camp and on the march.

TA Territorial Army (1921) - battalions and regiments of part-time soldiers that serve in support of the Regular Army. Formed in 1908 as the Territorial Force.

tam o' shanter the flat-topped balmoral bonnet introduced in 1915 for Scottish soldiers to replace their impractical glengarries in trench warfare.

toast a drink to the health of a significant person.

trews a name given to tartan trousers worn in Scottish regiments.

troop a unit of a cavalry regiment commanded by a captain.

volunteers civilians that give of their spare time to serve in a regiment or corps on a part-time basis.

Wolfe Society an organisation formed at Westerham, Kent, in 1926 for regiments that were associated with Gen James Wolfe, who rose to command the army in Canada in 1759. The said regiments send a representative to the annual dinner in his honour.

yeomanry volunteer cavalry originally formed in 1794 from yeoman farmers and gentlemen horse-owners to counter the threat of French invasion to Britain. Troops were regimented and kept on through the nineteenth century as an aid to civil authorities. They were first sent to war in 1900.

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