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P.D. GRIFFIN
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MODERN BRITISH ARMY REGIMENTS

The Lion of England collar badge came from the uniforms of the KORBR. and originally the King's Own Lancasters. It was bestowed on the Queen's (later the King's Own) by William III for the regiment's support when he landed at Torbay for the throne of England. The lion appeared on the regimental colour in 1751, on belt plates from 1774, officers' caps from 1834, collars from 1874 and on other ranks' caps from 1896.

The band and drums of the King's Own Royal Border Regiment on Arroyo Day

The band and drums of the King's Own Royal Border Regiment on Arroyo Day, with five members dressed as drummers of the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment of 1811

DLR buttons are graced with the badge of the King's Regiment - a fleur-de-lys with a rearing horse on its centre. The fleur-de-lys was adopted by the 63rd Regiment after taking the French West Indian island of Guadalotipe in 1759. By wearing this French emblem, the shape of which closely resembled a mosquito indigenous to the Caribbean, the 63rd proudly became known as 'The Bloodsuckers'. The Manchesters used the badge to replace their Arms of the City of Manchester in 1923, not least because the latter had been unflatteringly likened to a tram conductor's badge. The Horse of Hanover, which stands on the fleur-de-lys today, was part of the Hanover emblem allowed to the King's in 1716. Men of the King's Liverpool wore the horse prancing on a scroll labelled 'The Kings' in old English script.

The glider badge worn at the top of the right sleeve was awarded to the Border Regiment and the South Staffords in 1950 for their air landing at the invasion of Sicily in 1943. It was the army's first major assault by gliders, remembered for the many that fell into the sea and the soldiers who drowned.

Regimental badges that will appear on the regimental colour in addition to the above are the sphinx and the China dragon. The sphinx on a tablet inscribed EGYPT was granted to the 8th, 30th, 40th and the Queen's Germans for their part in the 1801 campaign to drive Napoleon from Egypt. The Queen's Germans were ranked as the 96th Regiment before disbanding in 1818. A new 96th, formed at Salford Barracks in 1824, was allowed to bear the honours of the former 96th in 1874 and took their sphinx as its collar badge, a distinction passed on to the Manchester Regiment in 1881. The East and South Lancashire Regiments had the sphinx incorporated into their cap badges. The dragon with CHINA superscribed, a campaign honour awarded to the 55th Regiment for its part in the Opium War of 1841, was shown on buttons in the KORBR. The smaller buttons of the officers' caps and mess waistcoats were embossed with the Bath Star to commemorate the fact that the first three colonels of the 34th held rank in the Order of the Bath.

Stable belts and lanyards are maroon as in the QLR.

The Corps of Drums of the three regiments currently parade in infantry full dress with differences. The King's drummers are the most conventionally dressed, their scarlet tunics with the deep green facings of the 63rd returned to the Manchesters in 1937. Queen's drummers have blue facings and inverted sleeve chevrons not seen on infantry drummers since the Crimean War, an idiosyncrasy of the 1958 Lancashire Regiment. KORBR drummers are the most conspicuous in full dress because of the white marine helmets issued to the regimental band and drums in 1970 to highlight an episode in the history of the regiment. The King's Own served as marines in the Mediterranean between 1703 and 1710, and the 34th served with the fleet on a few occasions between 1708 and 1740.

MUSIC

L'Attaque/The Red Rose, the QLR quick march, is made up of the East Lancashires' quick march L'Attaque (learned from the French by the 30th in the Crimea) and Red, Red Rose, adopted by the Loyals in 1885 to complement the Lancashire rose in their badge.

Drummers of the Queen's Lancashires in 2000

Drummers of the Queen's Lancashires in 2000, their scarlet tunics archaically distinguished by sleeve chevrons. (Grenadier Publishing)

Long Live Elizabeth, the QLR slow march, from Edward German's Merrie England, was adopted on the formation of the regiment in 1970 to honour its Colonel-in-Chief, Elizabeth II.

Roger Fenton's photograph of men from the 30th Regiment in the Crimea

Roger Fenton's photograph of men from the 30th Regiment in the Crimea. It shows (from the left) a private of a battalion company, a sergeant of the Light Company, a captain in undress and a sergeant major. (National Army Museum)

John Peel/Corn Riggs, the KORBR quick march, combines the famous Cumbrian hunting song Dye Ken John Peel (as adapted for the Border Regiment) and Corn Riggs Are Bonny, a Scottish air from the time of the formation of the King's Own in 1680. The march opens with a few bars of the 34eme Regiment March, a parody of the French regiment captured in the Peninsular War by the 34th (Cumberland) Regiment.

Trelawney, the KORBR slow march (ex-King's Own), tells of the sad fate of Bishop Trelawney, brother of the regiment's colonel in 1685, who was imprisoned on the orders of James II for upholding the Protestant faith in the face of the King's Roman Catholic policies. A similar incident occurred in the Princess Anne of Denmark's Regiment, where six captains were brought to trial for refusing to accept Catholics into their companies.

The Kingsman, the regimental march of the King's, contains the Liverpools' Here's to a Maiden of Bashful Fifteen (from incidental music composed by Thomas Linley in 1777) and The Manchester, an adaptation of the popular Neapolitan songs La Luisella and Fenesta Vascia. The rank of kingsman in the King's (and now the DLR) and volunteer in the Prince of Wales's Volunteers, both introduced around the time of the Second World War, are rare examples in the infantry of alternative forms of the rank of private.

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