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P.D. GRIFFIN
ENCYCLOPEDIA OF MODERN BRITISH ARMY REGIMENTS

Buttons of the regiment, which also date from 1967, are impressed with the lamb and star badge of the Queen's Royal Surreys. The paschal lamb is a religious symbol probably adopted by the Old Tangier Regiment in its fight against the Moors of north Africa. The ironic nickname 'Kirke's Lambs' got attached to the regiment after its bloody handling of Monmouth's supporters in 1685. When the regiment became the 2nd of Foot, the lamb was displayed with one or other of the mottoes conferred on the Queen's after their heroic defence of Tongres in 1703: Pristinoe virtutis memor (Mindful of former glory) and Vel exuviae triumphant (Even the remnant triumph).

Dress jackets and tunics are distinguished by a black square patch on the upper left sleeve bearing a royal tiger in gold. The tiger, which formed part of the badge of the Hampshire Regiment from 1881, was awarded to the 67th in 1826 with the word 'India' for twenty-one years of service in that country between 1805 and 1826. In this period the battalion marched from 'Bengal to Bombay subduing riots, investing fortresses, fighting in hills and jungle, and endured monsoons and disease'.

MUSIC

The regimental quick march, The Farmer's Boy/Soldiers of the Queen, brings together two popular Victorian songs, neither of which had been officially adopted by an army regiment before 1966, when the new Queen's Regiment took the music hall ballad, Soldiers of the Queen, as its jaunty quick march. The Farmer's Boy, a favourite among Wessex regiments, was often played unofficially in the Hampshires, like in the 4th Battalion's Trooping the Swede ceremony to honour 'The Swedebashers' who flocked to the colours in 1914 but never returned. The march was officially adopted by the PWRR on formation.

Seventeenth-century re-enactment group in the dress of the 1680s

Seventeenth-century re-enactment group in the dress of the 1680s, when the Old Tangier Regiment returned to London and their new title, Queen's

The regimental slow march, Minden Rose, refers to the rose traditionally worn on Minden Day and was written in 1990.

Former regimental marches played on appropriate occasions are Braganza, Scipio and We'll Gang Nae Mair to Yon Toun (West Surreys); The Buffs and Men of Kent (Queen's Own Buffs); A Southerly Wind and a Cloudy Sky, A Life on the Ocean Wave, Lass o' Gowrie and Lord Charles Montague's Huntingdonshire March (East Surrevs); Royal Sussex, Roussillon, Lass of Richmond Hill and Sussex by the Sea (Royal Sussex Regiment); The Hampshire (formerly The Highland Piper), A Hundred Pipers and Bonnets of Blue (West Rents); and Sir Manley Power, Paddy's Resource and The Caledonian (Middlesex).

The march Old Queen's was banned from being played in public by Queen Victoria because of its distorted version of the national anthem, and was confined to the officers' mess of the West Surrevs thereafter. In the officers' mess of the Buffs it was the custom for the Danish national anthem to be played as a toast was made to 'The King of Denmark'. The connection between the regiment and the Danish royal family began in 1689 when it was made Prince George of Denmark's Regiment of Foot. King Frederick IX of Denmark became Colonel- in-Chief of the Buffs in 1947, as had King Christian X in 1912 and Frederick VIII in 1906. Many Danes fought in the ranks of the Buffs during the Second World War.

TRADITIONS

Albuhera Day (16 May) commemorates the bravery of the 3rd, 31st and 57th regiments in the Peninsular battle of 1811. The Buffs and the Middlesex Regiment observed the anniversary with a service of remembrance for the appalling losses sustained in the battle. Lt Latham of the Buffs was left for dead after defending his King's Colour but lived to achieve fame as a hero both in and out of his regiment. The Middlesex always ended the day with their Die Hard Ceremony, at which a toast was made to the 'Immortal Memory' of the 'Die-hard' 57th, severely mauled in a deadly firefight with the French. Their nickname came from the dying exhortation of Col Inglis to 'Die hard, 57th, the hard!'

Minden Day (1 August) celebrates the infantry victory over the French cavalry in Germany 1759. Before the taking of Villers Bocage on Minden Day in 1944 the Hampshires stopped to pick roses from a Field to wear on their steel helmets in the tradition started by the 37th at Minden.

The Glorious First of June celebrates the great naval victory off the coast of Ireland in 1794, in which detachments of the 2nd or Queen's Royal Regiment were aboard five ships of Lord Howe's fleet. The 1st Battalion's mess mallet was made from timbers off the Queen Charlotte. A naval crown awarded to the Queen's Royal West Surreys for its part in the battle was shown on regimental buttons and now flies on the PWRR regimental colour.

Salerno Day (9 September), formerly observed by the West Surreys in respect of their TA battalions landing on Sicily in 1943, is perpetuated to include the brigade of Hampshire battalions also present. This date was chosen for the formation of the PWRR.

The East Surreys observed 23 April as Ypres Day, in memory of their 1st and 2nd Battalions on the Western Front in 1915, and 27 June as Dettingen Day, notable for the passing of the Dettingen Cup around the mess table. On 10 February (Sobraon Day) the 1st Battalion colours would be handed over to the care of the sergeants in memory of Sgt McCabe of the 31st and the gallantry he displayed at the Battle of Sobraon - the final defeat of the Sikh army on the banks of the Sutlej in 1846. Officers dining in the mess were required to take their salt from a special cellar with a concealed fragment of the regimental colour carried by the 31st at Sobraon. When salt was taken the fragment was revealed and the officer reminded of his responsibilities, a custom perpetuated by the Queen's Regiment from 1966. In the 2nd Battalion a toast to 'The British Battalion' was made in honour of the composite unit made up of the remnants of the 1st Leicesters and the 2nd East Surreys in Malaya in 1941.

The Die Hard Company, an award- winning display team that depicts the Middlesex Regiment in the 1880s

The Die Hard Company, an award-winning display team that depicts the Middlesex Regiment in the 1880s

The Royal Sussex observed Quebec Day (13 September) in memory of Otway's Regiment in Wolfe's last victory. The Royal Hampshires' connection with Gen Wolfe began in 1758, when he became colonel of the 67th. Although he spent most of the year on campaign in Canada, Wolfe found time to visit his regiment twice at its camp near Salisbury before returning to Canada for the last time. Their membership of the Wolfe Society has been inherited by the PWRR.

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