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The problem was the size and multiple runways of the Iraqi air bases. It didn't take the Tornado pilots long to decide that destroying the taxiways leading to the runways was the most effective way of making the airfield unusable.
The lack of air opposition later in the war testified that the incredible courage of the crews was not wasted, and the Tornado force had done its job.
JP233 is no lightweight. Twenty feet long and weighing 5,150 pounds, it needs a powerful machine like the Tornado to carry its twin dispensers.
Tornado GR.1 "MiG-Eater"
British air force Tornados in the Gulf were notable for their colorful nose art. "MiG-Eater," depicted here, was based at Tabuk. It was one of the most heavily used Tornados, being flown on 40 missions.
SPECIFICATIONS TORNADO GR.1
Type: Two-seat multirole combat aircraft.
Powerplant: Two Turbo-Union RB.199 Mk103 turbofans, each rated at 8,650 lb. dry and 16,100 lb. afterburning thrust.
Maximum speed: 920 m.p.h. at low level.
Combat radius: 870 mi. on a typical hi-lo-hi attack mission.
Service ceiling: More than 50,030 ft.
Weapons: Two 27-mm IWKA-Mauser cannons each with 180 rounds; 19,840 lb. of ordnance ranging from WE177B nuclear bomb. JP233 or MW-1 airfield attack weapons, Alarm or HARM anti-radar missiles, Paveway laser-guided bombs, and 1,200 lb. free-fall or retarded HE bombs.
Weights: Empty 30,620 lb; loaded 61,620 lb.
Span (28 ft. sweep) 45 ft. 7 in.
Length 54 ft. 9 in.
Height 19 ft. 6 in.
Wing area 286 sq. ft.