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ROYAL AIR FORCE. COMMON CORE AND DEPLOYMENT SKILLS AIDE-MEMOIRE

ANIMAL BITES

◉ To control bleeding.

◉ Prevent infection both to casualty and yourself.

◉ Evacuate to medical aid.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ Puncture wound at the sight of the bite.

◉ Bruising.

◉ Pain.

YOUR ACTIONS

◉ Clean the wound with soap and water.

◉ Control bleeding, apply pressure.

◉ Cover the wound with a sterile dressing.

◉ Evacuate to medical aid.

INSECT STINGS

YOUR AIMS

◉ To relieve swelling and pain.

◉ To evacuate to medical aid, if necessary.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ An initial sharp pain.

◉ Swelling and soreness.

◉ Some people experience allergic reactions to stings (anaphylactic shock - a severe allergic reaction that can develop very quickly. The reaction may cause swelling around the face and neck. If you suspect anaphylactic shock seek immediate medical aid).

YOUR ACTIONS

For a sting in the skin:

◉ If the casualty shows signs of a generalised reaction, evacuate immediately to medical aid.

◉ If the sting is visible, brush off with a fingernail or a blunt edge.

◉ Apply a cold compress to relieve pain and minimise swelling.

◉ If pain and swelling persists, seek medical aid.

Be aware some people carry an Auto-Injector of Epinephrine for severe allergies (if necessary, help the casualty to use it)

For a sting in the mouth:

Give the casualty ice to suck or cold water to sip to minimise swelling.

Seek medical aid.

Reassure the casualty.

SNAKE BITES

YOUR AIMS

◉ To reassure the casualty.

◉ To prevent the spread of venom through the body.

◉ Identify the type of snake.

◉ Arrange urgent evacuation to medical aid.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

(These can differ between species).

◉ A pair of puncture marks.

◉ Severe pain at the site of the bite.

◉ Redness and swelling at the site of the bite.

◉ Nausea and vomiting.

◉ Disturbed vision.

◉ Increased salivation and sweating.

◉ In extreme cases, laboured breathing or breathing may stop altogether.

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