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ROYAL AIR FORCE. COMMON CORE AND DEPLOYMENT SKILLS AIDE-MEMOIRE
◉ Lie casualty down in a cool place.
◉ Raise and support legs.
◉ If conscious, give plenty of water, or oral rehydration solution.
◉ If recovery is rapid, advise casualty to consult a doctor later.
◉ If casualty becomes unconscious, place in recovery position and arrange evacuation to medical aid.
◉ Check and record breathing, pulse and response level every 10 minutes.
◉ To lower the casualty's body temperature.
◉ Arrange immediate evacuation to medical aid.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
◉ Headache, dizziness and discomfort.
◉ Restlessness and confusion.
◉ Hot, flushed and dry skin.
◉ Arrange evacuation to medical aid, if necessary.
◉ Protect from further damage.
◉ All cases of cold injury must be reported to the Unit Medical Officer as soon as possible.
IF AN AREA IS FROZEN AND BLACK, DO NOT ATTEMPT TO THAW
DO NOT PUT THE AFFECTED PART NEAR DIRECT HEAT
◉ Prevent casualty losing more body heat.
◉ Re-warm casualty.
◉ Arrange evacuation to medical aid.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
◉ Apathy, confusion, irrational behaviour, possible belligerence.
◉ Cold, pale, dry skin.
◉ Slow/shallow breathing.
◉ Slow, weakening pulse.
◉ Failing consciousness,
◉ Insulate casualty.
◉ Get casualty to shelter.
◉ Replace wet clothing with dry warm clothing.
◉ Protect casualty from the elements and the ground.
◉ Send for help, if possible.
◉ Give conscious casualty sips of warm drinks (not alcohol).
◉ Evacuate by stretcher, if possible.
◉ Prepare to resuscitate, if necessary.
◉ Most animals and insects will not usually attack unless injured or provoked. Common sense can prevent many bites and stings. Animal bites always require medical attention, because animals harbour germs in their mouths. You must ensure that the casualty is protected from serious infection such as rabies and tetanus. Snake bites carry the additional risk of poisoning, even when handling dead animals; the venom of many creatures, particularly snakes, is just as active in death as in life.
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