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ROYAL AIR FORCE. COMMON CORE AND DEPLOYMENT SKILLS AIDE-MEMOIRE

YOUR ACTIONS

◉ Lie casualty down in a cool place.

◉ Raise and support legs.

◉ If conscious, give plenty of water, or oral rehydration solution.

◉ If recovery is rapid, advise casualty to consult a doctor later.

◉ If casualty becomes unconscious, place in recovery position and arrange evacuation to medical aid.

◉ Check and record breathing, pulse and response level every 10 minutes.

HEATSTROKE

YOUR AIMS

◉ To lower the casualty's body temperature.

◉ Arrange immediate evacuation to medical aid.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ Headache, dizziness and discomfort.

◉ Restlessness and confusion.

◉ Hot, flushed and dry skin.

◉ A rapid deterioration in the level of response.

◉ A full bounding pulse.

◉ Body temperature above 40�C (104�F).

YOUR ACTIONS

◉ Lie the casualty down in a cool place, remove as much outer clothing as possible.

◉ Using tepid water to cool, or by fanning the casualty, bring their body temperature down gradually.

◉ Be prepared to resuscitate, if necessary.

COLD INJURIES (FROSTBITE)

YOUR AIMS

◉ To prevent further damage to the affected area.

◉ Arrange evacuation to medical aid.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ Pins and needles.

◉ Paleness followed by numbness.

◉ A hardening and stiffening of the skin.

◉ The skin may be white; then mottled and blue; eventually turning black.

◉ On recovery, red, hot, painful and blistered.

YOUR ACTIONS

◉ Remove constrictive items such as gloves, boots and rings.

◉ Dry and gently warm the affected part.

◉ Avoid rubbing as this may damage skin and tissues.

◉ Move the casualty into the warm, if possible.

◉ Place the affected part in warm water, if available.

◉ Dry and dress the affected part.

◉ Raise and support the limb to reduce swelling.

HEAT EXHAUSTION

YOUR AIMS

◉ Replace lost fluid and salt.

◉ Cool casualty down.

◉ Obtain medical aid.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ Headache, dizziness and confusion.

◉ Appetite loss and nausea.

◉ Sweating, and pale clammy skin.

◉ Cramps in limbs or abdomen.

◉ Rapid, weakening pulse and breathing.

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