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ROYAL AIR FORCE. COMMON CORE AND DEPLOYMENT SKILLS AIDE-MEMOIRE

YOUR ACTIONS

◉ If casualty has a fractured rib with no other complications, the limb on the injured side should be supported in a sling and the casualty evacuated to medical aid.

If complications are present:

◉ Immediately cover a puncture wound with your, or the casualty's, hand.

◉ Cover the wound with a sterile dressing.

◉ Cover dressing with airtight seal using plastic bag, foil or kitchen film on 3 sides only.

◉ Support a conscious casualty in a comfortable position, inclined to the injured side.

◉ If the casualty becomes unconscious, check breathing and pulse, and be prepared to resuscitate.

◉ Place unconscious casualty in recovery position on the injured side.

BURNS

YOUR AIMS

◉ Halt burning process.

◉ Relieve pain and swelling.

◉ Maintain an open airway and resuscitate, if necessary.

◉ Treat injuries.

◉ Minimise infection risk.

◉ Arrange evacuation to medical aid.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ Severe pain.

◉ Reddening and swelling.

◉ Peeling skin and blisters.

◉ Skin grey, pale or waxy.

◉ Delayed shock.

YOUR ACTIONS

◉ For major burns, lie casualty down.

◉ Flood injured part with cold water for about 10 minutes.

◉ While cooling burn, check airway, breathing and circulation, be prepared to resuscitate.

◉ Remove constricting items from injured area before swelling begins.

◉ Carefully remove burned clothing, unless sticking to burn.

◉ Cover area with sterile, non-fluffy dressing.

◉ Arrange evacuation to medical aid.

◉ Monitor and record breathing and pulse.

DO NOT touch the injured area or burst any blisters

DO NOT apply lotions, creams or fats to the injury

DO NOT remove anything sticking to the burn

DO NOT overcool the casualty, this may lead to hypothermia

HEAT EXHAUSTION

YOUR AIMS

◉ Replace lost fluid and salt.

◉ Cool casualty down.

◉ Obtain medical aid.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ Headache, dizziness and confusion.

◉ Appetite loss and nausea.

◉ Sweating, and pale clammy skin.

◉ Cramps in limbs or abdomen.

◉ Rapid, weakening pulse and breathing.

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