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ROYAL AIR FORCE. COMMON CORE AND DEPLOYMENT SKILLS AIDE-MEMOIRE

NEUTRAL HEAD POSITION

Unconscious casualty:

◉ Steady and support head in a neutral head position, which is the head, neck and spine all aligned.

◉ If necessary, open casualty's airway using the jaw thrust method, taking care not to tilt the casualty's neck.

◉ Check casualty's breathing, if breathing, continue to support head and neck.

◉ If casualty is not breathing and shows no signs of circulation proceed with administering Rescue Breaths and CPR.

◉ Monitor and record vital signs.

JAW THRUST

SKULL FRACTURE

YOUR AIMS

◉ To maintain an open airway and resuscitate, if necessary.

◉ To prevent further injury.

◉ To arrange urgent removal to hospital.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ Wound, bruise or soft depression on the head.

◉ Impaired consciousness.

◉ Deterioration of response level.

◉ Leakage of blood or clear fluid from nose or ear.

◉ Bloodshot eyes.

◉ Distortion of the head or face.

YOUR ACTIONS

◉ Help conscious casualty to lie down, try not to turn head in case of neck injury.

◉ Control any bleeding from the scalp, look for and treat any other injuries.

◉ Allow any fluid to drain and cover with sterile pad.

◉ Call for medical aid.

◉ Regularly monitor and record vital signs, level of response and breathing,

◉ If the casualty is unconscious, open airway using the jaw thrust method and check breathing. Be prepared to give rescue breaths and chest compressions if needed.

PENETRATING CHEST WOUND

YOUR AIMS

◉ Support the chest wall.

◉ Seal any wound and maintain breathing.

◉ Minimise shock.

◉ Arrange evacuation to medical aid.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

◉ Sharp pain at injury site.

◉ Pain exacerbated by heavy breathing or coughing.

◉ An open wound may be present.

◉ Signs of internal bleeding (shock).

◉ If lung punctured, then frothy blood could be coughed up and lips may be blue (cyanosis).

◉ Paradoxical breathing (unequal chest movement).

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