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ROYAL AIR FORCE. COMMON CORE AND DEPLOYMENT SKILLS AIDE-MEMOIRE
First aid is the initial assistance or treatment given to someone who is injured or suddenly taken ill.
ACTIONS AT AN EMERGENCY
You must follow a clear plan of action, using the following priorities of first aid:
Assess the situation:
◉ Take in what has happened quickly and calmly.
◉ Assess any dangers to you or the casualty.
◉ Don't put yourself at risk.
Make the area safe:
◉ Protect the casualty and yourself from danger, but beware of your limitations.
Assess all casualties and give immediate First Aid:
◉ If you are faced with more than one casualty, follow the findings of your assessment to decide treatment priorities.
◉ As quickly as possible, ensuring that any specialist help has been requested and is on the way.
ACT ON YOUR FINDINGS
Dial 999 on landlines, 112 on mobiles or Stn emergency number ...... or use radio if available.
◉ HAZARD - First check for hazards. Ensure that hazards to yourself are removed. Prevent further injury to the casualty by removing any hazards away from the casualty or move the casualty away from the hazard.
◉ RESPONSE - Next, check for consciousness. Assess casualty's response level using AVPU.
Then, if necessary, follow the ABC of resuscitation:
◉ AIRWAY - Make - Check - Maintain. Place your hand on the casualty's forehead and gently tilt the head well back. Check for obvious obstructions. Clear the airway of any obvious obstruction if necessary. Maintain the airway by lifting the jaw and placing two fingers under the chin. This will maintain the airway in an open position.
◉ BREATHING - Look - Listen - Feel. Check for breathing by placing your ear near the casualty's nose and mouth, look for chest movement, listen for sounds of breathing and feel for breath on your cheek. Check for up to 10 seconds to decide if breathing is absent.
◉ CIRCULATION - Look - Listen - Feel. Check for signs of circulation, ie: pulse, colour, breathing, coughing and signs of major bleeding.
Check for up to 10 seconds to decide if a circulation is present.