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ROYAL AIR FORCE. COMMON CORE AND DEPLOYMENT SKILLS AIDE-MEMOIRE

FIRST AID

FIRST AID AND ACTIONS AT AN EMERGENCY

FIRST AID

First aid is the initial assistance or treatment given to someone who is injured or suddenly taken ill.

ACTIONS AT AN EMERGENCY

You must follow a clear plan of action, using the following priorities of first aid:

Assess the situation:

◉ Take in what has happened quickly and calmly.

◉ Assess any dangers to you or the casualty.

◉ Don't put yourself at risk.

Make the area safe:

◉ Protect the casualty and yourself from danger, but beware of your limitations.

Assess all casualties and give immediate First Aid:

◉ If you are faced with more than one casualty, follow the findings of your assessment to decide treatment priorities.

Get help:

◉ As quickly as possible, ensuring that any specialist help has been requested and is on the way.

DEALING WITH CASUALTIES CHECKLISTS

ITEM ACTIONS
H Hazard Are or the casualty in danger?
R Response Is the casualty conscious?
A Airway Is the airway open and clear?
B Breathing Is the casualty breathing?
C Circulation Are there any signs of circulation?

ACT ON YOUR FINDINGS

FINDINGS ACTIONS
Unconscious, not breathing.Refer to the protocol flow chart
Unconscious, not breathing and NO SIGNS of circulationRefer to the protocol flow chart
Unconscious, breathing and signs of circulationTreat any life threatening injury. Place casualty in the recovery position. Get help
Conscious, breathing and signs of circulationTreat as appropriate. Get help if necessary

Dial 999 on landlines, 112 on mobiles or Stn emergency number ...... or use radio if available.

ASSESSING THE CASUALTY (HRABC)

◉ HAZARD - First check for hazards. Ensure that hazards to yourself are removed. Prevent further injury to the casualty by removing any hazards away from the casualty or move the casualty away from the hazard.

◉ RESPONSE - Next, check for consciousness. Assess casualty's response level using AVPU.

Then, if necessary, follow the ABC of resuscitation:

◉ AIRWAY - Make - Check - Maintain. Place your hand on the casualty's forehead and gently tilt the head well back. Check for obvious obstructions. Clear the airway of any obvious obstruction if necessary. Maintain the airway by lifting the jaw and placing two fingers under the chin. This will maintain the airway in an open position.

◉ BREATHING - Look - Listen - Feel. Check for breathing by placing your ear near the casualty's nose and mouth, look for chest movement, listen for sounds of breathing and feel for breath on your cheek. Check for up to 10 seconds to decide if breathing is absent.

◉ CIRCULATION - Look - Listen - Feel. Check for signs of circulation, ie: pulse, colour, breathing, coughing and signs of major bleeding.

Check for up to 10 seconds to decide if a circulation is present.

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