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THE OXFORD-DUDEN PICTORIAL ENGLISH DICTIONARY, 1985

Special edition

Edited by John Pheby, Oxford with the assistance of Roland Breitsprecher, Michael Clark, Judith Cunningham, Derec Jordan and Werner Scholze-Stubenrecht Illustrations by Jochen Schmidt, Mannheim

Oxford University Press, Oxford Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim Russki Yasyk, Moscow

Foreword

This pictorial dictionary is based on the Oxford-Duden Pictorial German-English Dictionary published in 1980. It was produced by the German Section of the Oxford University Press Dictionary Department in cooperation with the Dudenredaktion of the Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim, and with the assistance of various British companies, institutions, and specialists. Numerous modifications of the text and illustrations of the original work have been carried out, especially regarding the depiction of everyday objects and situations, in order to allow greater scope for the treatment of these objects and situations in the context of English-speaking countries.

There are certain kinds of information which can be conveyed more readily and clearly by pictures than by definitions and explanations alone: an illustration will help the reader to visualize the object denoted by the word and to form an impression of the way in which objects function in their own technical field or in the everyday life of English-speaking countries. The layout of the illustrations and the text will be particularly useful to the learner. Each double page of the dictionary contains a list of the vocabulary of a subject together with a picture illustrating this vocabulary. This arrangement, and the presence of an alphabetical index, allows the book to be used in two ways: either as a key to the vocabulary of a subject or as an alphabetical dictionary in which the reader is referred to the section or sections in which the word is illustrated.

Abbreviations
Am. - American usage
c. - castrated (animal)
coll. - colloquial
f. - female (animal)
form. - formerly
joc. - jocular
m. - male (animal)
poet. - poetic
sg. - singular
sim - similar
y. - young (animal)

Atom I

1-8 atom models
1 model of the hydrogen (H) atom
2 atomic nucleus, a proton
3 electron
4 electron spin
5 model of the helium (He) atom
6 electron shell
7 Pauli exclusion principle (exclusion principle, Pauli principle)
8 complete electron shell of the Na atom (sodium atom)
9-14 molecular structures (lattice structures)
9 crystal of sodium chloride (of common salt)
10 chlorine ion
11 sodium ion
12 crystal of cristobalite
13 oxygen atom
14 silicon atom
15 energy levels (possible quantum jumps) of the hydrogen atom
16 atomic nucleus (proton)
17 electron
18 ground state level
19 excited state
20-25 quantum jumps (quantum transitions)
20 Lyman series
21 Balmer series
22 Paschen series
23 Brackett series
24 Pfund series
25 free electron
26 Bohr-Sommerfeld model of the H atom
27 energy levels of the electron
28 spontaneous decay of radioactive material
29 atomic nucleus
30-31 alpha particle (α, alpha radiation, helium nucleus)
30 neutron
31 proton
32 beta particle (β, beta radiation, electron)
33 gamma radiation (γ, a hard X-radiation)
34 nuclear fission:
35 heavy atomic nucleus
36 neutron bombardment
37-38 fission fragments
39 released neutron
40 gamma radiation (γ)
41 chain reaction
42 incident neutron
43 nucleus prior to fission
44 fission fragment
45 released neutron
46 repeated fission
47 fission fragment
48 controlled chain reaction in a nuclear reactor
49 atomic nucleus of a fissionable element
50 neutron bombardment
51 fission fragment (new atomic nucleus)
52 released neutron
53 absorbed neutrons
54 moderator, a retarding layer of graphite
55 extraction of heat (production of energy)
56 X-radiation
57 concrete and lead shield
58 bubble chamber for showing the tracks of high-energy ionizing particles
59 light source
60 camera
61 expansion line
62 path of light rays
63 magnet
64 beam entry point
65 reflector
66 chamber

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