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Sowjetische Auszeichnungen 1918-1991 / Soviet Awards 1918-1991
Ein Katalog / A Catalogue

In 1924, appropriations for awards were approved by the new parliament of the Mongolian People's Republic (MPR). They were designed by the country's leading artists and were first manufactured in the Soviet mints, located in Moscow and Leningrad. These awards can be identified through their design and occasionally, by the stamp of the mint. By the 1960s, medals and awards were also manufactured in Ulan Bator, the capital of the MPR and at the Hungarian mint in Budapest. The high quality and use of precious metals in the manufacture of these Mongolian awards, delights collectors. Some of them are even adorned with small diamonds.

Social changes documented in the three constitutions of the country during 1924, 1940 and 1960, had a great impact on the manufacture of awards. The name of the country, the official flag, the seal and the alphabet changed several times. For example, the Cyrillic alphabet was used from 1941 to 1992. These factors may be used to determine the time frame during which the awards were produced and distributed. There are three basic types of the seals. The first type has three variations, the second type has two, and the third type only has one. Many of these symbols coexisted during certain times. They are:

1 the old Mongolian symbol Soyombo

1.1 the plain symbol - 1924-1939

1.2 the plain symbol with laurel branches - 1939-1945

1.3 the plain symbol with a star at the top (a sign of victory over Japan) - 1945-1992

2 the seal with animals as heraldic figures

2.1 with a Mongolian inscription on a red ribbon - 1940-1941

2.2 with a Cyrillic inscription on a red ribbon - 1941-1960

3 the seal with a mechanical gear and a red-blue-red ribbon - 1960-1992.

Many awards have the imprint BNMAU (Bügd Najramdack Mongol Ard Uls) which stands for the Mongolian People's Republic. In this catalog, the abbreviation for the People's Republic appears in different languages as follows: MVR (German), MNR (Russian) and MPR (English). In summary, relatively few orders and medals were produced and distributed in this country, due to the small size of its population. There are fewer awards given than in similarly sized countries. Even though seldom encountered, Mongolian decorations are very inexpensive at this time. There are some rare pieces among the early orders and medals, which are virtually unavailable. A good example is the cosmonaut's medal, which is one of a kind.

Because of political, economic and military constraints, the distribution of Mongolian awards outside of Mongolia went primarily to citizens of the Soviet Union. The Suche Bator order, the highest award in the country, was awarded to foreign dignitaries of socialist states in relatively large numbers. Prices are noticed in EURO.

My thanks go especially to E. Blass, P. Groch, P. McDaniel, A. Paretski, I. Peterson, K. Preckel, R. Sesemann and I. Zimmermann for their assistance in the production of this part of the catalog.


Die Wappen der MVR / The Seals of the MPR / Гербы МНР

Höchste Ehrentitel

Goldener Stern zum Titel Held der MVR, gestiftet 17.10.1945 zum Titel Held der MVR (1921, 1924, 1941)

Герой Монгольской Народной Республики / Geroj Mongolskoj Narodnoj Respubliki / Hero of the Mongol People's Republic

Verleihungen: ca. 100

M1 Goldener Stern, Gold mit 5 Brillanten zu je 0,25 Karat an pentagonaler Spange, ebenfalls Gold

Rs.: glatt, N + Verl.-Nr. in einem Oval, gebildet aus dem auslaufenden N, Schraube an der Spange

Band: textil, rot mit je zwei weißen Seitenstreifen

€ 9000

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