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6. Insoles. Insoles keep the feet cool, ventilated, and out of contact with rubber soles of the boots.

The insoles, which are made of several layers of plastic material woven like screen wire, are not affected by perspiration or mildew. They allow air to reach the soles of the feet and thereby provide insulation against ground heat. They should be washed in warm (not boiling) soapy water and dried in dim sunlight or any place away from intense heat.

7. Socks. The stretch-type wool socks with cushion soles have a tufted knit construction to provide extra cushioning for the feet. This extra cushioning not only absorbs perspiration from the soles of the feet, but provides additional insulation as well. The socks are issued in three sizes, and close attention must be given to proper fitting in relation to boots and ventilated insoles. Socks that are too large will wrinkle, rub the feet, and cause corns or blisters. Socks that are too small may cramp the feet and will wear out the toes. Socks should be washed regularly in lukewarm water with a mild soap, then rinsed thoroughly in clear water to remove all traces of soap. They should be stretched into shape while drying.

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US "Jungle" Boots of the Vietnam War Era

The canvas and leather Tropical Combat Boots were developed at the end of the Second World war (1944) and put into manufacturing in summer 1945 - too late for mass production. The next war in Korea (1950-1953) took place on the territory of temperate to cold climate, not in hot, wet and humid areas, so the Pentagon apparently had very little interest in the further development of "jungle" boots concept.

In some other countries the situation was some different. The "Palladium®"-made canvas/rubber "jungle" boots (based on the concept of American M-1942 "jungle" boots) were widely used by the French colonial troops during the First Indochina war (1946-1954). These "Palladium®"-type boots came in different variants and were also used during the Algerian war (1954-1962).

But the situation radically changed during the conflict in Vietnam. Already the beginning of involvement of US military in Vietnam showed the urgent necessity of the specialized footwear for tropical climate and gave new life to the old idea. In the early years of that conflict, some U.S. military units were supplied with the "Okinawa boots" (M-1945 Tropical Combat Boots), but most of them had to use their conventional standard all-leather combat boots, which actually were not suited to the conditions of hot, wet and humid tropical climate.

Some U.S. advisors, which were arriving to Vietnam from the American military base in Okinawa, Japan, wore the so-called "Okinawa boots" of the WW II, some stocks of these "jungle" boots were shipped to Vietnam and issued there. But soon it was found out that these boots performed quite poorly after the 20 years of storage and soon tended to deterioration. Other advisors had to wear all-leather combat boots as well as most the U.S. Army and U.S.M.C. troops at that time.

The model of the U.S. military "jungle" boots, which embodied the experience of using the previous models "jungle" boots and the improvements developed for tropical climates footwear over the last 20 years was tested in 1962-1965 and adopted in the year 1965. It became widely known as "M-1966 (M-66) Jungle Boot". The developers of this model decided to get rid of the double-buckles leather cuffs on the top of the boots; the design of these boots provided the toe and the counter made of black leather, the upper made of cotton canvas duck with nylon reinforcements for the boot's neck. The nomenclature of M-1966 (M-66) "jungle" boots was "Boots, Hot Weather" - "Boot, Combat, Tropical, Mildew Resistant".

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