Use search function please. All the info found with Ł - refers to this site

This Article Content

Rights Reserved - Free Access.
This digital object is protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to written permission.
Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to make any of the acts permitted by your national copyright and related rights act, including browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes.
All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions attached to the digital object.


The first combat clashes for the control of the Falklands/Malvinas Islands between Argentine and the British forces took place in April 1982. The Argentines prefer to use the name "Las Malvinas", given by the French in 1694 in honour of Saint Malo, the home town of the discoverers. However, officially it were the British, who discovered these islands, and even 4 years earlier than the French. In spite of this, immediately after obtaining the independence, the Argentines began to consider that the island must belong to them. A particular outrage among the Argentines caused the establishment of control over the islands by the British Empire in 1833, and since that time the British were considered aggressors and invaders in Argentine.

The history of this conflict are well described in many studies, but it is worth mentioning that both sides of the conflict haven't formally declared the war on the opponent, having considering the events either "regaining control over our own islands" and "defence of our traditional territories" correspondingly. The time of the conflict in the southern hemisphere (April-June) corresponds to the end of autumn - early winter in our latitudes. The British veterans of the Falklands War, the sailors and Marines with whom I had an occasion to talk about, almost unanimously remembered the harsh weather conditions - "It was f***ing cold !...".

In its traditional opposition to the British, Argentine has always tried to follow the example of the European (later American) military practice. For a long time, especially in 1930-1943, in military matters this South American country was oriented on the Third Reich.

Just as its neighbouring Chile, has possessed of strong German influence and considerable German diaspora, the Argentine army, even introduced the German-type uniform and helmet of the model 1935 with minor modifications. If to look at the photos of Argentine military, the very first strong impression is that we see the soldiers of the German Wehrmacht. The Argentines even adopted the classical German stand in formation.

After the First World War in many countries of South America, especially in Chile and Argentina, there were many former Kaiser's army officers, who did not find themselves in the civilian life, especially in the post-war devastation, which was extremely burdened by unwisely harsh conditions, imposed by the winners. This situation was used by South American countries, which were trying to attract the former German military experts, who had serious combat experience, especially when the relationships between the countries of the region have become increasingly difficult, coming to combat skirmishes (and even wars!) from time to time. For example, Ernst Röhm, ex-captain of the Reichswehr and acting Chief of Staff of the German SA storm-troopers, spent some time in South America as the Bolivian army instructor.

The cut of the Argentine military uniform shows clearly the influence of some other European countries. In particular, the military medics have used the Swiss-type steel helmets of model M18/63.

Exclusively for

mobile version of the page

We have much more interesting information on this site.
Click MENU to check it out!© 2013-2019 mailto: